PICO Nursing

Posted: March 22nd, 2023

PICO Nursing Questions

Finding good PICO nursing questions for your project begin with understanding what the subject entails? Nursing students all around the world often find themselves looking for suitable PICO nursing questions to center their assignment projects around. With a nudge towards the right direction, you will find some of the best PICO question ideas for you. 

PICO nursing questions are organized research inquiries intended to direct clinical judgment and evidence-based practice. Here are some PICO nursing question examples:

A good therapy/intervention PICO example is:

Adult patients with type 2 diabetes make up the patient or population.
Actively engages in regular exercise.
Compared to only making dietary changes.
Will this result in better glycemic management and weight loss after six months?
A diagnosis PICO example might be:

Patients/Population: Children with possible appendicitis.
Ultrasound is used as a form of intervention.
Comparatively speaking, CT scans.
What will happen: Will there be a quicker and more accurate diagnosis of appendicitis?

An illustration of a prognosis PICO

Patient/Population: Among elderly heart failure patients.
What are the contributing factors?
Compared to patients who lacked these variables.
Result: Which foretells hospital readmission within 30 days of discharge?
An illustration of an Etiology/Harm PICO

Pregnant women make up the patient/population.
Secondhand smoking exposure is an intervention.
In comparison to no exposure.
Increased likelihood of low birth weight babies as a result?
Example of a PICO for Quality Improvement

Patient/Population: Children receiving critical care.
Implementing a systematic hand hygiene procedure is the intervention.
In contrast to the impromptu hand hygiene techniques now in use.
Results: Does it lower patient infections linked to healthcare?

These PICO questions support nurses and other healthcare workers in developing focused, specific research questions and clinical queries that make it simpler to find relevant data, make educated decisions, and deliver high-quality patient care.

PICO Nursing

PICO, stands for Population, Intervention, Comparison, and Outcome, is a method that nurses use to formulate a specific study topic. It helps to focus the study on a particular question and to make the research more focused.

The abbreviation PICO nursing, which is frequently used to create clinical research questions & direct evidence-based practice, appears to be of interest to you. PICO identifies:

Patient/Population: In this section, you should outline the particular patient population or issue that interests you. Age, gender, medical condition, and any other pertinent information are included.

The approach or treatment that you are interested in researching or implementing for the patient population is described in this section. It could be a medication, therapy, operation, or another type of medical intervention.

In some circumstances, you might want to do a comparison between the chosen intervention and a placebo or an alternative. Whatever you are comparing the treatment to is described in this section.

Outcome: The results or outcome that you are interested in assessing is described in this section. It could be a particular clinical result, such as a decrease in symptoms, an increase in quality of life, or any other pertinent metric.

You can construct a targeted and organized clinical question that directs your research and evidence-based practice by dissecting your research topic into these four parts. It provides a useful framework for researchers and healthcare professionals to plan studies, gather data, and come to wise patient care decisions.

What are Some Good PICO Nursing Questions?

A list of the best PICO questions is the beginning of a high quality paper that will help propel your grades to success. The variety gives you the opportunity to choose one that you’re most comfortable with to center your paper on. All in all, the below unique PICO question for nursing ideas are a great start.

  1. Can a low-sodium diet, as opposed to a conventional diet, lower systolic blood pressure in people with hypertension?
  2. In older patients with atrial fibrillation, does nurse-led patient education increase adherence to anticoagulant therapy?
  3. Do patients with chronic conditions take their medications more consistently when they use telehealth services?
  4. Does using a mobile health app enhance cognitive function in dementia patients?
  5. Can educating family care givers improve the quality of life for dementia patients who are elderly?

What is PICO in Nursing Research?

PICO is a strategy used by nurses in nursing research to help develop a focused question to address during their research. It aids in focusing the study’s attention on a specific subject and limiting its scope. Therefore, PICO nursing questions can be used to direct research, assist in the development of a question, and lead the design of the study.

The PICO framework is used to organize clinical research questions. It represents:

P: Patient, population, or issue

I: Test, exposure, or intervention

C: Comparator, Comparison, or Control

O: Result

Why is PICO Used in Nursing?

This is one of the most common PICO nursing questions. In nursing, Picot is used to create a targeted research topic. Using the Picot structure, nurses may more easily pinpoint the population, intervention, comparison, and outcome that are crucial to the research question. Therefore, by employing this style, nurses can focus their research on a particular subject and reduce the size of their study. Picot can also be used to help nurses choose the best data sources for their study and to guide the research design. A good nursing research paper starts with the student understanding why PICO is used in nursing.

PICO Nursing Examples

  1. Does using a mobile health application to monitor blood glucose levels improve glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes as compared to self-management?

      2. Is there a difference between using a remote monitoring system and standard care for individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in terms of the number of acute exacerbations?

  1. Does having an air purifier in the home reduce the number of hospitalizations for asthma in kids compared to not having one?
  2. Does a low-sodium diet, as compared to a conventional diet, enhance renal function in patients with chronic kidney disease?
  3. Does a home exercise program improve quality of life in heart failure patients compared to standard care?

      6. PICO Examples for Diabetes 1. Will utilizing a mobile medical app to monitor blood sugar levels in patients with type 2 diabetes, as opposed to self-management, lead to better glycemic control?

When Should a PICO Dressing Be Removed?

Eventually, a PICO dressing will have to be taken off, just like any other dressing. When a PICO dressing gets damp, dirty, or loose, or after the wound has healed, it should be taken off. Equally important, it’s crucial to adhere to your doctor’s recommendations for how often to change the dressing.

Does PICO Laser Help with Wrinkles?

Believe it or not, this is a common question that flies around in healthcare centers. The answer is yes. Absolutely, by promoting collagen formation and skin renewal, PICO laser therapies may minimize the appearance of wrinkles. Moreover, improved skin elasticity, tone, as well as texture may result from this.

Is Collagen Stimulated by PICO Laser?

This is another popular PICO Nursing Question. It has been discovered that PICO laser treatments encourage the skin’s natural creation of collagen. And, little skin wounds are created by the heat produced by the laser’s light radiation, which promotes collagen formation and the body’s own healing response.

What Does the Nursing PICO Format Mean?

A standardized method known as the PICO format is used in evidence-based practice to find and create clinical questions that can be answered. The format represents:

Patient/Population, Intervention, Comparison, and Result (Outcome)

What Is PICO Important in Nursing?

PICO is a framework for organizing a clinical topic. PICO stands for Patient or Population/Intervention/Comparison/Outcome. Undeniably, it aids in the creation of a study topic and directs the hunt for supporting data in nursing research. The patient or population of interest, the intervention of interest, the comparison to the intervention (if any), and the outcome of interest must all be identified by the nurse researcher before employing PICO. What’s more, this enables a targeted search for pertinent research papers and supporting data to address the research topic.

PICO for Burnout in Nurses

Truth be told, most nurses experience burn out at some point in their careers. This is especially so due to the long hours and most healthcare facilities being understaffed. However, there are several ways to combat the burn out and perform your duties while in good shape.

P: Burnout in nursing

I: Impacts nurses working in medical facilities

C: Decreased levels of job satisfaction, a higher risk of stress at work, and less patient care.

O: Putting into practice measures to lessen nursing burnout, such as enough staffing, a better working environment, as well as, psychological support.

Examples of PICOs Used in Qualitative Research

A good qualitative nursing research project starts with choosing a suitable topic for your paper. The below PICO examples for qualitative research will set the ball rolling for you.

  1. How do young people feel about police brutality in inner-city areas?
  2. How do racial and gender stereotypes affect consumers’ choices in a physical store?
  3. How do LGBTQ individuals find it to access healthcare services?
  4. How do parents of disabled children discuss the obstacles of providing care?
  5. How do teenagers create their identities using social media?
  6. What drives people to participate in political movements?
  7. What ideals do people who belong to religious communities share?
  8. How do the economically poor perceive the legal system?

PICO Examples for Diabetes

Diabetes is a vast topic that affects almost half of the population. Helping patients adapt to this chronic illness is crucial in keeping the disease under control. Remember, patient and care giver education is an important role in nursing. Here are some good PICO examples for diabetes;

  1. How does metformin affect persons with type 2 diabetes’ ability to control their blood sugar levels?
  2. How well can lifestyle changes for persons with type 2 diabetes improve glycemic control?
  3. How efficient are various antihyperglycemic drugs in controlling blood sugar levels in persons with type 2 diabetes?
  4. How might bariatric surgery help persons with type 2 diabetes improve their glycemic control and what are the risks and advantages?

Examples of PICOs for Fall Prevention

Are your patients at risk of falling? Most patients are as it is caused by a variety of illness and symptoms. This makes it a good topic to evaluate and consider for a nursing research paper. Therefore, here are some examples:

  1. Can implementing a physical activity program help seniors maintain their balance and lower their risk of falling?
  2. Does using a step counter lower the chance of falls in the senior population?
  3. Does postmenopausal women’s risk of falling reduce with increasing calcium intake?
  4. How do house improvements affect older individuals’ risk of falling?
  5. Do people with mobility issues who utilize assistive technology experience fewer falls?

Examples of PICOs for Pain Management

Pain is one of the most common questions in patients, both inpatient and outpatient. This determines how comfortable a patient will be with the care that you’re giving. In most cases, the level of pain determines the kind of medication the patient will be on and for how long. Therefore, this makes PICO examples for pain management a good research area for your paper.

  1. How well does cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) work to lessen the severity of adult-onset chronic pain?
  2. How well do opioid medications work to treat adult patients’ acute pain?
  3. How does mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) affect aging persons’ ability to endure chronic pain?
  4. How well can acupuncture work to lessen the severity of chronic pain in those who have had spinal cord injuries?
  5. How well do non-opioid medications work to treat acute pain in young patients?
  6. How does yoga affect young individuals’ ability to tolerate chronic pain?

PICO Nursing Intervention 

Another area of PICO that you may need to unravel is PICO nursing intervention. It will go a long way in helping you deliver quality services to your patients. Additionally, it improves the comfort of your patients hence speeding up their recovery.

  1. Determine whether the patient is aware of their disease and the suggested therapies.
  2. Inform the patient of the value of adhering to their recommended course of treatment.
  3. Urge the patient to express any worries or concerns about their condition or the therapies they are receiving.
  4. Provide the patient’s family and the patient psychotherapy that is supportive.
  5. Track the patient’s development and modify therapies as necessary.

Ideas for PICO Nursing Questions

Every once in a while, you may need help figuring out some high quality Ideas for PICO nursing questions for an assignment paper. This set of ideas are highly recommended.

  1. What advantages do evidence-based nursing methods offer in the treatment of patients with chronic illnesses?
  2. How can nurses help people with chronic illnesses feel less stressed?
  3. How can nurses help patients with chronic illnesses maintain their mental health?
  4. What are the best methods for treating patients with chronic illnesses who are in pain?
  5. How can nurses educate patients with chronic illnesses in a way that is effective?
  6. What methods may nurses employ to encourage patients with chronic illnesses to practice self-management?
  7. What are the best strategies for enhancing people with chronic illnesses’ quality of life?
  8. What are the greatest methods for helping the loved ones of people with chronic illnesses?
  9. How can nurses identify and treat the symptoms of long-term conditions?
  10. What strategies may nurses employ to enhance the results of the care they provide for patients with chronic illnesses?

PICO and Healthcare (Nursing)

A mnemonic called PICO (Population/Problem, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome) is used to direct the questions of clinical research. PICO can be utilized in nursing to create evidence-based practice questions that can be used to locate and evaluate academic works pertinent to nursing practice. PICO queries ought to be precise and narrowly focused on a single clinical problem. In this case, a PICO nursing and healthcare question would read as follows: “What is the effect of pulmonary rehabilitation (intervention) compared to normal care (comparison) on the quality of life (outcome) in adult patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (population/problem)?”

Can PICO Laser Remove Pigmentation?

Absolutely, pigmentation can be removed using the PICO laser. Also, PICO lasers are a type of laser technology that target hyperpigmented areas of the skin. These include; age spots, freckles, and other hyperpigmented conditions, with ultra-short pulses of light. Lastly, it functions by dissolving the hues into smaller particles, which the body’s natural systems then remove.

In contrast to conventional lasers, the PICO laser emits radiation in shorter pulses, effectively targeting the pigments while causing the least amount of skin damage possible. Since it is safe and suitable for all skin types, especially those with darker complexions, it is an alternative for everyone.

It’s vital to remember that the type and degree of the pigmentation can affect how efficient the PICO laser is at treating it. However, to get the results they want, some patients could need numerous treatments, and there might be some brief redness, swelling, or slight discomfort following the surgery. To find out if PICO laser is the best choice for you and what to anticipate from the procedure, speak with a certified dermatologist or cosmetic surgeon.

PICO Assessment Examples

The PICO Nursing Questions field is vast and wide enough to cater for every single nurse out there. Here are some good examples of PICO assessments. PICO is an abbreviation that aids in developing clinical research questions in evidence-based practice. Understanding this topic starts by understanding the meaning behind the abbreviation;

P- Patient, issue, or population

I – Involvement/Exposure

C – Comparability

O – Result

Here are some PICO Nursing Questions Examples:

Would a low-carbohydrate diet (I) opposed to a low-fat diet (C) result in higher weight loss and improved blood sugar control (O) in individuals with type 2 diabetes (P)?

Does yoga treatment (I) compared to physiotherapy (C) lead to higher pain reduction and improved quality of life (O) in older individuals with chronic pain (P)?

Will the administration of acupuncture (I) in comparison to normal care (C) result in a decrease in labor pain and the demand for painkillers (O) in pregnant women (P)?

Does cognitive behavioral therapy (I) as opposed to medication (C) result in better academic achievement and fewer side effects (O) in children with ADHD (P)?

Does regular physical activity (I) compared to standard treatment (C) reduce hospital admissions and improve quality of life (O) in people who have heart failure (P)?

PICO Nursing Topics

Are you looking for some good PICO nursing topics to steer your project in the right direction? Well, our experts have created an impressive list for you to choose from. Remember, each topic is wide and has vast information out there. High quality research will see you creating a high quality PICO research paper for your project.

Consider some possible nursing themes using the PICO framework:

P: Diabetic Type 2 patients

I: Stress reduction based on mindfulness

Type C: Typical Diabetes Education

Better Glycemic Regulation


P: Elderly hospitalized patients

I: Prompt Mobilization

O: Reduced Duration of Stay C: Bed Rest


P: Acute Pain in Pediatric Patients

I: Pain Treatment Without Drugs (e.g. Distraction, Music Therapy)

C: Drug-Assisted Pain Treatment

Reduction in Pain Scores


P: Gestational Diabetes in Pregnancy 

I: Exercise 

P: Gestational 

Diabetes in Pregnancy 


P: Post-Surgical Patients 

I: Wound Vacuum Use

C: Common Wound Care

O: Reduced Infections from Wounds

PICO Questions and How to Construct Them

Do you know how to construct a good PICO question? It is one of the many skills you need to create a high quality paper for your assignment. Evidence-based medicine frequently employs PICO questions to assist in developing a study question. Moreover, they come in four pieces:

P: Patient/Problem describes the target group or the illness being researched.

I: Intervention – describes the procedure or method under study.

C: Comparison – indicates how the in-question intervention is being compared to an alternate treatment or intervention (if applicable)

O: Outcome – describes the desired outcome, either a health outcome or a particular intervention effect.

Illustration of a PICO Problem

Does exercise (I) produce improved glycemic control (O) in type 2 diabetes patients (P) compared to medication (C)?

Lastly, you might look at published studies or meta-analyses in the area of interest to obtain instances of PICO nursing questions. The PICO question is frequently included in the intro or methods section of published studies. Also, you can look for papers using PICO features in internet databases like PubMed and Cochrane Library. In addition, variations of PICO questions can be found online and in textbooks on evidence-based medicine.

Once you choose any of the above PICO nursing questions of your liking, follow it through with thorough research to gather ample information. Again, a well written paper can only be achieved through high quality content to fetch a good grade. Lastly, you can seek the assistance of a professional nursing paper writer at https://nursesessay.com/ to help transfer your thoughts on to paper.

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