Posted: October 31st, 2023
Making decisions regarding patient care that are well-informed and grounded on clinical competence, patient preferences, and the best available data is known as evidence-based practice, or EBP. The following are a few of evidence-based practice examples in diverse healthcare environments:
Clinical Guidelines: When making decisions, healthcare providers refer to evidence-based clinical practice guidelines. For example, a substantial amount of research forms the basis of the diabetes management guidelines set forth by the American Diabetes Association.
Medication Management: Clinical trial and study data are used by healthcare professionals to make medication decisions for their patients. For instance, it is evidence-based to prescribe statins to people at risk of heart disease in order to lower their cholesterol levels.
Fall Prevention: Evidence-based fall prevention programs at hospitals and long-term care facilities may involve determining a patient’s fall risk, putting interventions in place, and then monitoring how well they work.
Cancer Screening: Based on the most recent research and guidelines, decisions are made regarding when to start cancer screenings (e.g., mammogram for breast cancer, colonoscopy for colon cancer).
Hospitals employ evidence-based infection control procedures to stop infections linked to medical care. This covers using the right disinfectants, practicing sterile technique, and adhering to hand hygiene guidelines.
Physical Therapy: When it comes to rehabilitation, physical therapists employ evidence-based practices. For instance, treating musculoskeletal disorders with particular exercises or modalities.
Mental Health Treatments: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is one evidence-based treatment that therapists and psychiatrists use to address mental health disorders like anxiety and depression.
Nutritional counseling: Nutritionists base their advice on the most up-to-date research on nutrition and dietary recommendations for different medical conditions.
Maternity Care: Evidence-based methods are used by obstetricians to direct prenatal, labor and delivery, and postpartum care. This covers procedures like postponing the cutting of the umbilical chord during childbirth.
Pain Management: Evidence-based approaches, such as a mix of medicine, physiotherapy, and behavioral therapy, may be used by healthcare professionals to treat chronic pain.
Emergency Medicine: Evidence-based standards and protocols direct decisions about medicine administration, resuscitation, and trauma care in emergency rooms.
Geriatric Care: To meet the specific medical requirements of older persons, such as managing several chronic illnesses and preventing falls, geriatric experts employ evidence-based practices.
Dental Care: For periodontal therapy, restorative operations, and preventive care, dentists employ evidence-based practices.
Occupational Therapy: Following an illness or injury, occupational therapists use evidence-based interventions to assist patients in regaining their capacity to carry out daily activities.
These illustrations show the variety of healthcare environments and offerings where evidence-based practice is essential to patient safety and efficacy. The fundamental tenet is to tailor therapies to the unique requirements and preferences of each patient and to base judgments on the best available research.
In education, evidence-based practice refers to the use of research and empirical data to guide and enhance instructional strategies. The following are a few instances of evidence-based teaching strategies:
Phonics Instruction: Studies have repeatedly demonstrated that teaching early reading abilities with explicit phonics instruction is a successful strategy. In elementary education, evidence-based curricula such as “Orton-Gillingham” are commonly employed, with a focus on phonics.
Classroom Management: To establish an organized and positive learning environment, evidence-based classroom management techniques are implemented, such as behavioral interventions and supports (PBIS). It has been demonstrated that using these tactics can lower disruptive behavior and raise student involvement.
Small Group Instruction: It has been demonstrated that small group instruction, in which teachers engage with small groups of learners who have comparable learning requirements, improves student performance in a variety of areas, including reading and math.
Response to Intervention (RTI) is a framework based on empirical research that helps identify and assist pupils who are having difficulties. It uses a tiered strategy with increasingly focused interventions depending on how a student reacts to guidance and assistance.
Formative Assessment: Students’ progress is regularly monitored and feedback is given for improvement through the use of formative assessment techniques such as tests, peer assessments, and teacher feedback. The usefulness of formative assessment in improving learning outcomes is supported by research.
Studies have indicated that this strategy may be useful in raising student accomplishment and engagement levels.
Differentiated Instruction: Adapting instruction to students’ varied needs is a method supported by research. Better learning outcomes can result from individualizing training depending on student talents, interests, and learning styles, according to research.
Parental Involvement: Research has indicated that including parents in the education of their kids via activities like home reading programs, parent-teacher conferences, and family literacy efforts improves student achievement.
Peer Tutoring: Studies have shown the advantages of this type of learning support where students assist one another in their studies. This exercise can increase students’ drive, self-assurance, and comprehension.
Technology Integration: Personalized learning and increased student engagement can be achieved through the evidence-based usage of interactive software and multimedia resources in education.
Project-Based Learning: Using this method, students apply their knowledge and abilities by working on challenging and real-world projects. The usefulness of project-based learning in enhancing critical thinking and problem-solving abilities is supported by research.
Teacher Professional Development: Programs for teachers that are grounded on research that emphasize enhancing their subject-matter expertise and teaching strategies have a favorable effect on student outcomes.
Culturally Responsive Teaching: Research has shown that modifying instructional strategies to take into account students’ cultural origins and experiences can improve educational equity and create a more positive learning environment.
Early Childhood Education: Research has demonstrated that high-quality early childhood education programs, such as Head Start, positively affect students’ preparedness for school and long-term academic success.
Principles for Homework: Students can be certain that their homework is a valuable learning experience by following research-based principles that prioritize quality over quantity.
These illustrations show how research and evidence-based techniques can improve instruction in a range of educational contexts, including K–12 schools, higher education, and early childhood education. Evidence-based approaches support decision-making for educators and help them continuously enhance the learning outcomes for their pupils.
A cornerstone of social work is evidence-based practice (EBP), which is utilizing the best available data to guide client treatments and decision-making. The following are a few instances of evidence-based social work practices:
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT): CBT is an empirically supported therapeutic strategy utilized in social work to assist people in coping with mental health conditions like anxiety and depression. Its main objective is to recognize and alter harmful thought and behavior patterns.
In social work, motivational interviewing is a regularly employed evidence-based strategy that helps clients deal with substance misuse and addiction by boosting motivation and preparation for change.
Trauma-Informed Care: To support people who have suffered trauma, social workers frequently employ trauma-informed approaches.
This method concentrates on establishing a secure and encouraging atmosphere and is founded on a knowledge of the effects of trauma.
Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) is an evidence-based intervention used in family social work and child welfare to help children with behavioral disorders and to strengthen parent-child interactions.
Social workers utilize a strengths-based approach, which has been shown to improve resilience and well-being, to evaluate and capitalize on a client’s current assets and strengths.
Substance Use Treatment Programmes: Social workers frequently employ medication-assisted treatment or 12-step programs, which are evidence-based treatments for substance use disorders.
Dialectical Behavior Therapy, also known as DBT, is an empirically supported therapy modality for self-harming behaviors and borderline personality disorder.
This is how social workers help their clients learn how to control their emotions and interact with others.
Case management: To organize services, evaluate client needs, and guarantee the best results for individuals and families, social workers employ evidence-based case management techniques.
Housing First: This evidence-based strategy for ending homelessness is known as the Housing First paradigm. It places a high priority on giving homeless people stable homes as a first step toward taking care of other needs.
Rather than focusing on the past, this evidence-based therapeutic method in social work focuses on discovering and developing solutions to present problems. Brief interventions and crisis intervention frequently employ it.
Wraparound Services: Based on evidence-based concepts of teamwork, family engagement, and customized care planning, wraparound services are used in child welfare and mental health social work to support kids and their families with complex needs.
Mental Health First Aid: Social workers can offer evidence-based mental health first aid training, which teaches people how to see and handle warning indications of mental health problems and emergencies.
Home Visiting Programs: Evidence-based strategies, like the Nurse-Family Partnership, are employed in social work to support and educate expecting mothers as well as families with young children in order to enhance the health of both the mother and the child.
Practices of Restorative Justice: Social workers in the criminal justice system use the concepts of restorative justice to address harm and promote healing.
Because it is shown to be beneficial in lowering recidivism, this is applicable to both victims and offenders.
Clinical Supervision: Social workers get clinical supervision based on models of evidence-based supervision. This is to improve their abilities and guarantee the best possible service quality,
These examples show how social workers make decisions. These are about interventions, assessments, and individual, family, and community work based on evidence-based approaches. These procedures are intended to enhance general wellbeing. Plus quality of life while offering customers the most efficient and moral support possible.
Although writing a dissertation is a difficult and time-consuming procedure, you can finish your work effectively. Only if you plan ahead and follow instructions though. To assist you get started and along the journey, here are a few tips and advice:
Select a Research Subject: Choose a subject that appeals to you and has bearing on nursing. Think about the problems facing healthcare today, the knowledge gaps, or the areas that want change. You should narrow down and be able to research your topic.
Review of the Works: Do a thorough review of the literature. To comprehend the theories and research that have already been done on your issue. This will assist you in locating inadequacies in the literature that can be filled by your dissertation. Create a hypothesis or research question:
Create a specific research topic or hypothesis. Your dissertation will attempt to address or test based on your literature review.
Choose Your Research Methods: Choose from a variety of research techniques, including surveys, interviews, observations, and/or a mix of techniques. Make sure your techniques support the goals and research question you have in mind.
Ethical Considerations: You must get ethical authorization from your schools’ ethics committee if your research involves human beings. Discuss participant welfare, confidentiality, and informed consent as ethical issues.
Gather and examine your data using the relevant statistical or qualitative methods. Make sure your research topic and hypotheses are in line with the techniques.
Interpretation and Discussion: Talk about your results in light of the body of current research. Analyze the findings and discuss their importance. Discuss any restrictions on your study.
Conclusion and Suggestions: Provide a brief summary of your main conclusions along with suggestions for future study, policy, or practice.
Citations and References: Make sure to properly credit all of the sources in your dissertation. Use an appropriate citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago, etc.) and by compiling a thorough list of references.
Editing and proofreading: Make sure your dissertation is free of grammatical and structural problems by carefully editing and proofreading it.
Get Input: Show your work to instructors, advisors, or fellow students in order to get their opinions and comments. Your dissertation can be made better with constructive criticism.
Formatting: Make sure your dissertation complies with your institution’s requirements for page layout, font size, and referencing style.
Submission: Make sure you fulfill all of your institution’s requirements and deadlines for submission.
Time management: Create a reasonable plan for your dissertation that includes time for writing, research, and revisions. Avert putting things off.
Remain Organized: To make writing easier, keep thorough records of all the sources, notes, and research you’ve done.
Please don’t hesitate to ask me specific questions or for assistance with any one area of your nursing dissertation. Additionally, for individualized help and direction throughout the process, think about getting in touch with your lecturers or academic advisor.
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